SkyWay sea port transport

Sphere of application — cargo transshipment from SkyWay rolling stock:

  • in bulk carriers — for bulk cargo (coal, ore, etc.);
  • in tankers — for oil and petroleum products;
  • in the container ships — for containers.
  • transfer of passengers from SkyWay rolling stock to passenger ships.
Key features:
  • port location — on the shelf in the open sea;
  • natural depth of the sea in the port is 20—30 m and more;
  • distance from the port to the shore: 1—10 km and more, both within territorial waters and beyond;
  • cargo transshipment volume — up to 250 million tons per year;
  • number of transit passengers — from 1 million people per year;
  • cost of the sea port, excluding the cost of SkyWay access track, rolling stock, loading-unloading terminals and infrastructure — from USD 10 million.
Competitive advantages:
  1. The possibility of arranging waterfront berth with depths of 20 m and more by using natural depth of the sea.
  2. Lack of necessity for large, free and high-cost areas on the shore, with vulnerable ecosystem, as a rule.
  3. Decrease of capital expenditure for construction due to:
    • lack of necessity for dredging operations with the purpose of creating deep-water port area for vessels approach to the dockside ;
    • lack of necessity for a  berth wall, needed for ships mooring and protecting the shore from erosion by the surf;
    • lack of artificial sea access channels in harbor waters and the port.
  1. Reduction of operating costs by:
    • simplifying the entry of vessels with deep draft, compared with entry in conventional ports;
    • reducing the vessel demurrage while transshipping cargo and transferring passengers;
    • minimizing the cost of port pilot service;
    • improving the logistics of bulk cargo while working on the scheme: "ore deposit — SkyWay rolling stock — bulk carrier hold" instead of the traditional scheme: "ore deposit — rolling stock — unloading in the storehouse on the shore — loading from the shore storehouse into the other rolling stock — transportation to berth — overloading into the bulk carrier hold ";
    • reducing the consumption of energy and fuel for transshipment;
    • reducing expenses for operating personnel and their wages;
    • automation of loading-unloading operations;
    • reducing the volume of maintenance and repair works in the port.
  1. Improvement of the quality of cargo, especially bulk (ore, coal, etc.), and increase of its selling price by reducing the number of loading and unloading transshipments.
  2. Improvement of the reliability and safety of all-weather and year-round operation of SkyWay sea port on the shelf compared to a conventional port on the shore.

       7.    Environmental friendliness:

  • low resource consumption and low energy consumption at all stages of the life cycle of SkyWay sea port (design, construction, operation and dismantling);
  • SkyWay sea port does not violate the terrain, biogeocenose and biodiversity of sea shore neighborhood;
  • SkyWay sea port does not destroy the fertile soil and its vegetation on the sea shore neighborhood;
  • the absence of large-volume open storage areas and piles of bulk cargo on the shore (ore, coal, etc.) and in the coastal zone, which would pollute and litter the environment.

        8.   SkyWay sea port does not prevent:

  • existing natural movement of water and natural underwater currents;
  • movement and the natural migration of fish and marine animals;
  • biogeocenose and biodiversity of the seabed in the port and harbor waters.

         9.   Reliability and safety:

  • tsunami and tides in the open sea are not dangerous, because the wave height in them rarely exceeds one meter;
  • waves in the open sea have less height and cause less danger for vessels than at the shore;
  • sea port is not exposed to the surf due to its absence.
  • high stability to vandalism and terrorist acts.
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